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Open burning is any set outdoor fire that does not vent to a chimney or stack.
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Depending upon the material being burned, open fires can release many kinds of toxic fumes. Leaves and plant materials send aloft millions of spores when they catch fire, causing many people with allergies to have difficulty breathing.
The pollutants released by open burning also make it more difficult to attain, or maintain, health-based air quality standards, especially in or near the major metropolitan centers.
The gases released by open burning can also harm neighboring buildings by corroding metal siding and damaging paint. Finally, open burning is not an efficient way to get rid of wastes since open fires do not get hot enough to burn the materials completely.
A few types of open burning are permitted everywhere, even in restricted areas. Fires must be kept to a minimum size for their intended purpose, and shall not be used for waste disposal purposes.
Under certain circumstances, yes. However, to burn a prohibited material or set a fire in a restricted area, you must receive written permission from Ohio EPA before you begin burning.
Local ordinances cannot be less strict than the state law described here. They can be more strict, however.
Ohio EPA has the legal authority to enforce the open burning laws. Violations can result in substantial penalties. If you have any questions, or would like to report a suspected open burning incident, contact your Ohio EPA district office or your local air pollution control agency. If you are in Butler, Clermont, Clinton, Hamilton, or Warren County, call the Agency at 513-946-7777.